This program provides support to Israeli postdoctoral researchers who would like to study and do research in the U.S.
10 Israeli Postdoctoral scholars are entering the Zuckerman STEM Program in 2018. Here are their profiles.
Dr. Ayala AllonPostdoc at Ohio State UniversityInvestigating filtering of irrelevant information in attentional settings and working memory with the hope of eventually improving the ability of students to deal with the incoming stimuli in our everyday crowded environment.
For her PhD in The School of Psychological Sciences at Tel-Aviv University, Dr. Allon investigated the filtering of irrelevant information in working memory using both behavioral and electrophysiological measures. At the Cognitive Control Lab in the Department of Psychology at Ohio State, she will investigate whether the same principles apply for filtering in attentional settings and in working memory, and the underlying processes of individual differences in filtering ability. Her research takes into consideration the field of education technology in Israel, since filtering irrelevant information has a key role in the learning process in schools, due to the difficulty of processing all the incoming stimuli in our crowded environment. Suppressing irrelevant information may also have implications for suppressing intrusive thoughts that contribute to anxiety disorders and depression.
In the process of helping to set up the newly-founded Visual Working Memory Lab at TAU, Dr. Allon tried to find methods to organize her experimental data efficiently, and to reduce human error. With no previous programming experience, she acquired programming skills and developed a free open-source software R package called prepdat that was greatly appreciated by colleagues in her lab, and used today in other labs as well.
Dr. Moran BalaishPostdoc at the Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyDeveloping solid-state ceramic-based memristors, materials which change their electrical resistance depending on their pre-history, or on the total current or charge that has passed through them, which have the potential to lead to neural-like information processing and storage.
Dr. Balaish received her PhD from the Grand Technion Energy Program. Her research focused on the development and study of a novel fluorocarbon air-cathode/non-aqueous electrolyte system for Li-O2 batteries.
At MIT, in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, she will switch from liquid-based electrochemical energy storage to solid-state electrochemical information processing and storage. Building on the expertise she accumulated during her Ph.D. studies, Dr. Balaish will also acquire skills to help her specialize in a relatively new field: solid-state ceramic-based memristors. These are materials which change their electrical resistance depending on their pre-history, or on the total current or charge that has passed through them. Developing reliable and cheap memristors could revolutionize the way computers operate, opening the way to neural-like information processing and storage.
As a Teaching Assistant at the Technion, she taught a General Chemistry course in the International School of Engineering. She mentored in diverse settings such as the President Peres Program for Future Scientists, SciTech (a science program for outstanding high-school students from around the world), and Select (a voluntary after-school scientific enrichment program for underprivileged students).
Dr. Balaish is also a recipient of the Fulbright and Technion-MIT Postdoctoral Fellowships.
Dr. Ran Ben BasatPostdoc at Harvard UniversityIn the area of practical systems space of computer networks and big data/streaming algorithms, pushing the boundaries of what is considered feasible in network monitoring and security.
Dr. Ben Basat’s Ph.D. was from the Technion in Computer Science. He devised a method to identify networks that send an excessive amount of traffic. This capability is essential for mitigating Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, which pose a real threat to the Internet environment. His solution is the first to allow networking devices to compute the attacking networks in real time and with provable guarantees.
In another paper, he found a solution to the problem of load balancing by allowing a network switch to identify, in constant time and optimal space, the connections that require the most bandwidth. The best indicator of future bandwidth consumption is the recent past, and finding those that needed significant bandwidth and allocating them allows a substantial reduction in network bottlenecks.
Dr. Ben Basat’s contributions are in the practical systems space of computer networks and big data/streaming algorithms – an area in which good academic candidates are lacking, as opposed to theoretical computer science.
At Harvard, Dr. Ben Basat will work in the School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, where he hopes to push the boundaries of what is considered feasible in network monitoring and security. He will be collaborating with researchers in the Carnegie Mellon University CyLab.
Dr. Maya EngelPostdoc at StanfordExamining adsorption and precipitation of heavy metals on iron oxides with a specific interest in deciphering the influence of natural organic compounds. Defining the fate of metals within simulated soil systems.
Dr. Engel received her PhD in Environmental Chemistry in the Department of Soil and Water Sciences at the Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment at the Hebrew University. She investigates basic questions about the interactions between environmental components. These can potentially drive new strategies to fight pollution, improve water accessibility and availability, and advance discoveries in chemistry and in agricultural sciences.
At Stanford, Dr. Engel’s research will focus on a project examining adsorption and precipitation of heavy metals on iron oxides with a specific interest in deciphering the influence of natural organic compounds. She will use various techniques to define the fate of metals within simulated soil systems. She will be part of the Soil Biogeochemistry research group, part of the Earth System Science department. This department was formed in 2007 to examine earth surface processes in an integrated fashion, blending chemistry, physics, and biology to study the connections of oceans, land systems (including fresh water), and the atmosphere – the Earth system.
Dr. Engel enjoys assisting younger colleagues and educating students, and served in the Israeli army as a soldiers’ instructor in a prestige artillery unit.
Dr. Naama Kadmon HarpazPostdoc at HarvardModeling the joint dynamics of neuronal populations to reveal principles of motor control and motor learning.
Dr. Kadmon Harpaz earned her PhD in Life Sciences at the Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics at the Weizmann Institute of Science. She studies motor control, with a focus on the encoding of movement in the motor cortex. For her PhD, she studied the dynamics of neuronal populations and revealed principles of movement segmentation and movement invariances in complex arm motions. In the Dept. of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology at Harvard, Dr. Kadmon Harpaz plans to study the neural circuits and neural dynamics underlying motor learning.
While at Weizmann, she helped construct a comprehensive statistics course to familiarize students with often-used statistics, and excite them about “tedious” topics. Now it is a mandatory course for Life Sciences at Weizmann, taken by more than 100 students each year.
Dr. Kadmon Harpaz also coordinated the scientific side of an interdisciplinary German-Israeli project that provides free dance lessons to people with Parkinson’s disease. She bridged between the dancers and the academic collaborators and helped construct the classes with a scientific point-of-view. She comments that she received more than she gave, both as a person and as a scientist, including unique insights on motor disorders and control strategies that have steered her research questions ever since.
Dr. Netali Morgenstern-Ben BaruchPostdoc at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical CenterInvestigating an inhibitory receptor, ILT-2, to learn about its role in the type 2 inflammatory disease Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE).
For her PhD in Immunology at Tel Aviv University, Dr. Morgenstern-Ben Baruch worked closely with researchers in the Division of Allergy and Immunology at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center (CCHMC). The specific mouse strains and facilities she needed were not available in Israel, so she went to Cincinnati every 6 months to work on her project.
She investigated Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), a type 2 inflammatory disease characterized by eating difficulties, vomiting, epigastric or chest pain, dysphagia, and food impaction. EoE has a unique histopathology—impaired mucosal integrity, eosinophilic inflammation, and other manifestations, which appear to be triggered by T cell populations in the esophageal tissue. Researchers have discovered a counter-regulatory system that can restrain immune cell action, called “inhibitory receptors.”
For her current project, Dr. Morgenstern-Ben Baruch will be at the lab in Cincinnati full-time. She will investigate one such inhibitory receptor, Immunoglobulin-like transcript 2, or ILT-2, to learn more about its role in T cell expansion and activation in EoE patients. She hopes to devote her career to research into personalized medication of food-related disorders.
During her PhD, Dr. Morgenstern-Ben Baruch served as a teaching assistant at the Sackler Medical School at Tel Aviv University.
Dr. Michal PolonskyPostdoc at CaltechDiscovering cellular interactions and signaling pathways in human tissue samples to elucidate how the immune system interacts with tumor cells, holding the potential to aid in the design of improved cancer therapy protocols and more accurate diagnoses.
Dr. Polonsky earned her PhD in Immunology at the Weizmann Institute. Her work is part of the emerging field of immunotherapy, or re-stimulating a patient’s immune system to attack cancerous cells. She investigated murine T cell differentiation at the single cell level, using a device she developed, that enables live cell imaging of primary T cells through arrays of thousands of microwells in which cells are trapped and can be monitored over time. Using her devices she revealed that T memory formation is influenced by local interactions between the activated cells. This information could lead to improved design of ex-vivo T cell cultures for adoptive immunotherapies.
For her postdoc at the Division of Biology and Biological Engineering at Caltech, she will broaden her approach, studying complex cellular processes within the context of the tissue in which they occur. Transitioning to working on human tissue samples, she will try to discover cellular interactions and signaling pathways to elucidate how the immune system interacts with tumor cells. This holds the potential to aid in the design of improved cancer therapy protocols and more accurate diagnoses.
Dr. Yaniv RomanoPostdoc at StanfordProviding a fresh theoretical view of deep learning by using models in signal and image processing.
Dr. Romano’s PhD at the Technion was in Electrical Engineering. At Stanford, in the Statistics Department, he plans to provide a fresh theoretical view of deep learning by using models in signal and image processing. He notes that while deep learning has made important developments possible including speech recognition, computer vision, and signal and image processing, a theoretical understanding of it is needed in order to ensure that it is used responsibly.
Dr. Romano spent a summer at Google Research, interning as an Image Processing Algorithm Developer. The algorithm he developed for increasing the resolution of an image revolutionized the activity of his team and is being used extensively by Google. He is admired for being as comfortable with theory and mathematics as he is with practical engineering problems that lead to products.
Dr. Ido SagiPostdoc at the Whitehead InstituteDefining cell-type specific chromosome structures to help understand how development is controlled by genome structure, and potentially to reveal how these relationships can be altered by sequence variants that contribute to disease.
Dr. Sagi received his PhD in Genetics from the Department of Genetics at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He succeeded in generating, for the first time ever, haploid human embryonic stem cells. The discovery of these cells, the ability to obtain haploid somatic cells from them, and their power in genetic screening have potential for various biomedical applications, including uncovering genetic pathways involved in cancer and developmental diseases. Dr. Sagi’s discovery and its utility for genetic screening were reported in the journal Nature, and widely covered in popular and scientific journals.
At the Whitehead Institute, Dr. Sagi proposes to take his extensive background and expertise in genomics in a new direction. It is clear that some cell-type specific chromosome structures exist, and that these can play important roles in cell-type specific gene control, yet cell-type specific chromosome structures have yet to be clearly defined. Defining this could provide the foundation for understanding how development is controlled by genome structure, and may reveal how these relationships can be altered by sequence variants that contribute to disease.
During his service in the Israeli Intelligence Corps, Dr. Sagi was as an Arabic translator and language researcher.
Dr. Shira Weingarten-GabbayPostdoc at the Broad Institute of MIT and HarvardSystematically studying viral immunogenicity, with the goal of identifying novel phenomenon affecting hundreds of viruses pathogenic to humans, in work that could be fundamental to rethinking vaccines and therapies to counteract viral threats.
Dr. Weingarten-Gabbay received her PhD in Life Sciences at the Weizmann Institute of Science in the Department of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics and the Department of Molecular Cell Biology. There, she developed high-throughput methods to systematically study gene expression regulation in the human genome and in viruses. In her work, she discovered and characterized thousands of genomic sequences that direct the ribosome to initiate the production of proteins in cells. Before her study, scientists had identified only a few dozen regions on various Messenger RNAs where such initiation occurred.
At the Broad Institute, Dr. Weingarten-Gabbay intends to employ innovative interdisciplinary approaches to research critical questions in virology. With the goal of identifying novel phenomenon affecting hundreds of viruses pathogenic to humans, she will develop experimental systems to assay multiple viruses instead of traditional approaches which study one virus at a time. Her work could be fundamental to rethinking vaccines and therapies to counteract viral threats.
Dr. Weingarten-Gabbay has taught science to gifted high school students from the Ethiopian community, young female students, and science teachers. In the Israeli Air Force, Lieutenant Weingarten-Gabbay was given a special honor for her quick action in preventing an incident of “friendly fire.”